This documentation is for Dovecot v2.x, see wiki1 for v1.x documentation.
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doveadm-search - Show a list of mailbox GUIDs and message UIDs matching given search query.


doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] search search_query
doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] search -A search_query
doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] search -u user search_query


The search command is used to find matching messages. doveadm(1) will print the mailbox's guid and the message's uid for each match.
When used with the -A or -u wildcard options, doveadm(1) will print the fields username, mailbox-guid and uid for each matching message.

In the first form, doveadm(1) will executed the search action with the environment of the logged in system user.

In the second form, the command will be performed for all users.

In the third form, only matching mails of the given user(s) will be searched.


Global doveadm(1) options:

Enables verbosity and debug messages.
-f formatter
Specifies the formatter for formatting the output. Supported formatters are:
prints each line with key=value pairs.
prints each keyvalue pair on its own line and separates records with form feed character (^L).
prints a table header followed by tab separated value lines.
prints a table header followed by adjusted value lines.
Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

This command uses by default the output formatter flow (without the key= prefix).

Command specific options:

If the -A option is present, the command will be performed for all users. Using this option in combination with system users from userdb { driver = passwd } is not recommended, because it contains also users with a lower UID than the one configured with the first_valid_uid setting.

When the sql userdb module is used make sure that the iterate_query setting in the /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext matches your database layout. Otherwise doveadm(1) will be unable to iterate over all users.

-u user/mask
Run the command only for the given user. It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards (e.g. -u *
When neither the -A option nor -u user was specified, the command will be executed with the environment of the currently logged in user.


Show messages matching this search query. See doveadm-search-query(7) for details.


This example demonstrates how to search in user bob's dovecot mailboxes all messages, which contains the word "todo" in the Subject: header.

doveadm search -u bob mailbox dovecot\* subject todo
3a94c928d66ebe4bda04000015811c6a        8
3a94c928d66ebe4bda04000015811c6a        25
3a94c928d66ebe4bda04000015811c6a        45

The search command is mainly useful when used together with doveadm fetch command. For example to save message bodies of all messages from INBOX that have "todo" in subject, use:

doveadm search -u bob mailbox INBOX subject todo |
while read guid uid; do
  doveadm fetch -u bob body mailbox-guid $guid uid $uid > msg.$uid

See Also

doveadm(1), doveadm-fetch(1), doveadm-search-query(7)


None: Tools/Doveadm/Search (last edited 2021-09-22 07:08:19 by PageImporter)