This documentation is for Dovecot v2.x, see wiki1 for v1.x documentation.


User is looked up using getpwnam() call, which usually looks into /etc/passwd file, but depending on NSS configuration it may also look up the user from eg. LDAP database.

Most commonly used as a user database.

The lookup is by default done in the auth worker processes. If you have only a small local passwd file, you can avoid having extra auth worker processes by disabling it:

userdb {
  driver = passwd
  args = blocking=no

Field overriding and extra fields (obsolete in v2.1+)

It's possible to override fields from passwd and add extra fields with templates, but in v2.1+ it's done in a better way by using override_fields. For example:

userdb {
  driver = passwd
  # Pre-v2.1:
  #args = home=/var/mail/%u mail=maildir:/var/mail/%u/Maildir
  # v2.1+:
  override_fields = home=/var/mail/%u mail=maildir:/var/mail/%u/Maildir

This uses the UID and GID fields from passwd, but home directory is overridden. Also the default mail_location setting is overridden.

Passwd as a password database

Many systems use shadow passwords nowadays so passwd doesn't usually work as a password database. BSDs are an exception to this, they still set the password field even with shadow passwords.

With FreeBSD, passwd doesn't work as a password database because the password field is replaced by a *. But you can use Passwd-file.

None: AuthDatabase/Passwd (last edited 2017-02-10 15:19:20 by adsl-75-24-144-168)